Options for Fixing a Damaged Smile

By the age of 13, most people have lost all their baby teeth. By 25, when wisdom teeth usually grow in, we have a full set of permanent teeth that are expected to last the remaining 70-plus years of our lives. Over the course of those decades, our teeth become damaged from wear and tear, plaque, acid, injury, and tooth decay.

Even with regular dental hygiene and dentist checkups, many people require multiple dental interventions to repair damages to their smiles throughout their lives. In East Grand Rapids, Dr. Peter J. Zwier, DDS, P.C. can help you choose the best treatment option for you based upon the type and severity of the damage and your personal preferences.

Let’s take a look at some of the interventions available at Dr. Zwier’s dentistry office:


Bonding is used to repair chipped, cracked, or broken teeth by applying and shaping a composite resin until the natural appearance and function of the tooth is restored. At Dr. Zwier’s East Grand Rapids office, bonding resin is also used to fill cavities caused by tooth decay for a more natural-looking repair. Bonding is one of the least expensive options for repairing damaged smiles and is easily repaired if the bonding breaks or chips.


Crowns are prosthetics that cover existing teeth and are custom-fabricated to match the original shape of the damaged tooth. The process requires two visits. On the first, the damaged parts of the tooth are removed and it is shaped to accept the crown. Sometimes a root canal is also necessary. An impression is made of the tooth which is sent away for fabrication and a temporary crown is installed over the damaged tooth. At the second visit, the temporary crown is removed and the permanent tooth is adjusted and cemented into place. Crowns typically last 15 to 25 years.


Dentures are used to replace teeth that are completely missing or beyond repair. Depending on the number of teeth missing, full dentures, single dentures, or partials may be used to restore patients’ smiles. Dentures have obvious drawbacks due to not being permanently attached to a person’s mouth. However, many people adjust well to managing their dentures, and dentures can be a very affordable short or long-term solution to missing teeth in your smile.


Implants are small titanium shafts that are surgically implanted into the jaw bone – where the bone grafts to the shaft as it would to a natural root. A replacement tooth is then attached to the top of the titanium shaft. Implants are one of the more expensive options available at Dr. Zwier’s East Grand Rapids office, but this option comes with several benefits including that implants slow and can completely stop bone loss associated with missing teeth and implants look and function like a natural tooth.

Schedule a Consultation Today

To learn more about which dentistry option is best for you, schedule a consultation in East Grand Rapids today by calling 618-682-7271 or fill out Dr. Zwier ‘s online contact form and a member of our dedicated team will be happy to reach out to you!